Thursday, March 5, 2015

Contra "Isis" partisans, there are some beneficial societal effects of Christianity

On some websites assorted partisans of the "ISIS" group in Iraq/Syria argue that Christianity has contributed nothing, compared to Islam. They are totally wrong of course, and I keepmeeting cats who tell me with a straight face how "beneficient" Islam was to Africa. Really? So the multiple million removed over the centuries of the Islamic slave trade that decimated large swathes of East, North, Central and Western Africa supposed to be so "beneficial" for Black people? Below is a roundup compiled from various sources on the beneficial societal effects of Christianity. Now note, none of this means churches or practitioners are perfect, that they did not make mistakes etc. Nor are the items below endorsed as a comprehensive, detailed record of the facts. But over time, overall, as adjusted, corrected and refined with new knowledge and insights, much data shows that the impact has been positive, contrary to the dubious claims of the pro-"ISIS" crowd.

Before the roundup, let's add some things:

Environmental stewardship in the Bible

While primarily concerned with man's moral and spiritual state, the Bible is on several counts very conscious of environmental stewardship. Hence the laws of Moses mandated that fields were to be left fallow for certain periods (translating into prudent land conservation- Exodus 23), forbid the cutting down of productive trees in combat zones (lest there be no renewable resource afterwards- Deut 20), forbid the killing of fertile females if their young were harvested for food (birds in Deut-22 another indicator of concern with renewable resources), forbid the torture of animals or causing them unnecessary pain when killed for food (Acts 15 mentions strangulation being forbidden- and Judaic law forbid such cruelties as tearing meat from a live animal).

In some cases, animals have the same rights as humans do- they were to rest on the sabbath same as humans (Exodus 20), and mean-spirited action was forbidden in preventing the animals from eating as a field was being harvested- same as humans- Deu 25). Lastly numerous scriptures testify to the wonder and glory of nature (Psalm 104, the last chapters of Job etc). Men were to respect the creation, for it was brought into being by a Creator. All of these laws today have a primary moral and spiritual teaching, and while man is given dominion over creation, that dominion is to be carefully and judiciously exercised- a clear call for stewardship.

The usual childish claim is how Christianity "supported" or "endorsed" slavery. This is ludicrously misleading, Actually one of the key forces in calling for the end of slavery was precisely the "Western Christian tradition." Slavery is an institution in existence long before Christianity, and was indulged in by adherents of all major religions. It continues today in the Muslim world, and by the way, atheists indulged in slavery via the "labor" camps of communism. Only in Christianity however was there a systematic, widespread movement for abolition. Note- we are not talking here individual manumission of individuals but a systematic, culture-wide campaign for eradication. It did not happen overnight, and there were ugly compromises, missteps, and reverses, even civil wars over the issue - but over time, that campaign succeeded in shutting down what was a profitable industry for the mass production of certain industrial style crops- cotton, sugar, etc (Sowell 1981, 1983, Fogel 1989). The British were once the largest slave traders in th world- by the end- it was Britain;s military muscle that spiked the trade (Hochschild 2006, Bury the Chains).

Furthermore slavery was an accepted fact on the ground for millennia on every continent It was not going anywhere with a wave of the hand as some fantasists would have us believe. Christian abolitionists took almost a century to see victory, and other factors were in the mix, including the rebellions and revolutions by the African slaves themselves- Haiti being the prime example. The Bible does not "endorse" slavery per se but accepts it as a fact on the ground- ye another example of human wickedness and folly-  and gradually moves to alleviate suffering and laid the groundwork for its eventual abolition, as is well documented. True some churches simply went along with slavery since it was legal and could do little about it. It was a fact on the ground they had to live with, but some churches tried to change that forming the core of the Abolitionist Movement. And yes, some churchmen did defend slavery as a Biblical "tradition"- forgetting
(a) Biblical prohibitions against man-stealing- which is how a substantial number of slaves were acquired- in fact Europeans supplied arms specifically to encourage slave raiding and were themselves repulsed on a number of occassions when they tried to directly snatch slaves. See the defeated John Hawkins slave hunting expedition for example.

(b) The Biblical release mechanisms- such as a 7 year limit for bondage re Hebrews, or the "Day of Jubilee" when slaves were to be set free.

In contrast, European slave systems in the Americans not only held blacks in bondage forever but their descendants were also to become slaves in perpetuity, and (c) common Biblical prohibitions against murder, rape, unfair dealing and other such things. The slave-loving Bible thumpers conveniently skipped over THESE Biblical "traditions." Thankfully, some Christians refused to accept this disortion of the faith and pushed to restore these safeguards, going even further to eventually fight for removal of the entire institution.


Good things pioneered by the Church and committed Christians in modern society:
• The Church is the largest single provider of healthcare in the world
• also the largest single provider of education in the world
• Church fathers successfully campaigned against infanticide in society
• and stood up for the rights of women by codifying marriage as a sacrament
• The first orphanages were churches
• Barnardos is the world's largest orphanage system
• Churches pioneered the first homes for the elderly
• and the first homes for the disabled in society
• Leading society to abolish the slave trade (Wilberforce and the church)
• Pioneers of modern social workers (Jane Adams)
• Fathers of modern Foster Care (Charles L. Brace)
• The Mothers Union - strengthening family life. Founded in 1876
• Free health care for the terminally ill (Douglas Macmillan)
• Pioneers of modern nursing (F.Nightingale)
• Almost all schools were church founded before the state took over
• 100 out of 110 US universities were church founded (inc. Yale, Princeton and Harvard)
• Pioneers of free schooling for poor young people (John Pounds)
• School for children in slums (R.Raikes)
• World Literacy pioneers (SIL and Frank Lauback)
• Pioneers of education for the deaf (Rev. Gallaudet)
• Braille system for the blind developed by Louis Braille.
• First laws to protect children from abuse (Soc. PCC - Rev B Waugh)
• Fighting for the rights of children working in factories (Richard Oastler)
• as well as campaigning for Poor Law reform
• Josephine Butler campaigned for the age of consent to be set to 16 so children could not be abused.
• YMCA - caring for young people in society
• Salvation Army - pioneering radical care for the poor and disadvantaged in society
• Education for orphans (George Mueller)
• Campaigning for prison reform (Quakers)
• Temperance Movement to address alcohol abuse in society
• Alcoholics (and Narcotics) Anonymous (Dr. B.Smith)
• Leading society to adopt "fair trade" (Tearfund)
• Pioneers of Microfinance for poor countries (D.Bussau)
• Pioneers of international child sponsorship (World Vision, Dr. R. Price)
• Save The Children, huge worldwide mission (Eglantyne Jebb)
• Fathers of modern famine relief (Oxfam Quakers)
• International Housing for the poor - Habitat for Humanity (Millard Fuller)
• Justice for people worldwide who are oppressed (Amnesty International - P.Beneson, E.Baker)
• Leprosy Mission - caring for those no-one else wants (Dr. P.Wilson)
• King James Bible - profound impact on the English language and culture

This is a partial list. For more examples and further reading visit:

Beneficial aspects of Christianity 

• The Church is the largest single provider of healthcare and education in the world, working especially in some of the poorest countries where there is no other care available. (Catholic church that is. Adding Evangelical church schools/hospitals means there is no close second provider.)

• The United Nations Declaration of Human Rights
In 1948 the UN put forward the declaration of human rights. These rights were so clearly based on Christian principles that some Muslim states objected and refused to sign on that basis because it conflicted with Sharia law. Karl Marx also acknowledged, and rejected, human rights as a product of Christianity. (See further down this page for Christian influence over the Magna Carta.)
Well-known atheist Jurgen Habermas stated that, " the individual morality of conscience, human rights and democracy, is the direct legacy of the Judaic ethic of justice and the Christian ethic of love."

• The greatest scientist who ever lived - Sir Isaac Newton
Its almost universally accepted that Sir Isaac Newton was the greatest scientist who ever lived. This amazing polymath who contributed so much to many areas of science was a devout Christian who expressed that his faith played a major role in his work.
Read more about his life here:
Read more about other devout Christian who made world-changing contributions to science:

• The Church pioneered modern Social Work. Eg: Jane Addams
Jane Addams was the first American woman to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. Also co-founded the first settlement house in the US. The Settlement Movement sought to bridge the gap between rich and poor in society:

• London Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (London SPCC)
After campaigning from SPCC and the wider Church, the UK’s first ever law to protect children from abuse and neglect came into being. See Lord Shaftsbury , Rev B. Waugh

• Save the Children. This large relief agency was founded by Eglantyne Jebb who also campaigned for social reform in this area. The Declaration of the Rights of the Child was adopted by the League of Nations. She also pioneered the Child Sponsorship program.

• Camillus de Lellis - founder of the original "Red Cross"
Thus De Lellis established the Order of Clerks Regular, Ministers to the Sick (abbreviated as M.I.), better known as the Camillians. His experience in wars led him to establish a group of health care workers who would assist soldiers on the battlefield. This was the original Red Cross, hundreds of years before the International Red Cross Organization was formed.
Members of the Order also devoted themselves to victims of Bubonic plague. A perilous work that no-one else seemed to want to do.

• Clara Barton - founder and first president of the American Red Cross
She was a pioneer American teacher, patent clerk, nurse, and humanitarian. At a time when relatively few women worked outside the home, Barton built a career helping others. One of her greatest accomplishments was founding the American Red Cross. This organization helps victims of war and disasters. She hoped to be a pioneer for women in service to her country. She was probably the first woman to hold a government job.

• Action for Children. Pioneered the first "Children's Homes". (top 20 biggest charities in the UK)
Its mission statement asserts that it is committed to helping the most vulnerable and neglected children and young people break through injustice, deprivation and inequality. The charity works with over 50,000 children and young people whose families need support, who are in care, who are disabled or who experience severe difficulties in their lives through 480 projects, services and schools. It also promotes social justice through research and by lobbying and campaigning for change. Founded by Methodist minister Thomas Bowman Stephenson (1839-1912) who was "moved by the fate of street children in London."

• Barnardo’s homes – world’s largest orphanage system. Founded by Thomas John Barnardo.

• Churches were the first orphanages
In the High Middle Ages, abandoning unwanted children finally eclipsed infanticide. Unwanted children were left at the door of church or abbey, and the clergy was assumed to take care of their upbringing. This practice also saw the birth of the first orphanages.

• From Roman times, advocacy against infanticide and polygamy etc.
Early Church Fathers advocated against polygamy, abortion, infanticide, child abuse...

• Strengthening of marriage from Roman times
Church teaching heavily influenced the legal concept of marriage. During the Gregorian Reform, the Church developed and codified a view of marriage as a sacrament.

• Protection of young people in our society: English Factory reform bill and anti-poor movement,- Richard Oastler

• Campaign for the protection of children from abuse. Passionate Christian Josephine Butler campaigned for the age of consent to be set and was a key figure in other social reforms.

• Care for the elderly and disabled in society. Christians birthed Almshouse institutions as early as the 10th century. Conditions in these Almshouses were not always good and there was a social stigma attached to them, however, Almshouses did their best to serve the local community with the little resources they had and cared for those who were abandoned by society. They were the forerunner of nursing homes and hospitals. They sought to provide care for those who were no longer able to work. Almshouses are still active today with some 2,600 in the UK alone.

• Impact on language, literature and culture
The Authorized Version of the Bible has been called "the most influential version of the most influential book in the world, in what is now its most influential language", "the most important book in English religion and culture", and "the most celebrated book in the English-speaking world".

• Impact on civil liberties
The Magna Carta is considered one of the most important documents in human history; vitally important as an early foundation of law in Western society. It is considered the founding document of English liberties and hence American liberties. The influence of Magna Carta can be seen in the United States Constitution and the Bill of Rights. Lord Denning described it as "the greatest constitutional document of all times – the foundation of the freedom of the individual against the arbitrary authority of the despot". At the Federalist Society's 2014 National Lawyers Convention held last November, U.S. Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia gave a history lesson on the Magna Carta and its influence on American jurisprudence. "Many of the ideals held most sacred in the American imagination originated or at least were first committed to writing 800 years ago," noted Scalia.The man responsible for drafting it's content was Stephen Langton (Archbishop of Canterbury). Various "Barons" were also implicated in the construction of the Magna Carta, but Stephen Langton is believed to be the central architect. For individuals' rights and Biblical influence over the U.N. Declaration of Human Rights, click here.

• Impact on civil liberties
Rev.Martin Luther King Jr., a man of great courage and faith who was at the centre of the civil rights movement. He continued despite attempts on his life including a fire bomb attack on his family home. In 1964, King became the youngest person to receive the Nobel Peace Prize for his work to end racial segregation and racial discrimination through civil disobedience and other nonviolent means. His father and grandfather were both ordained ministers. The U.S. have declared the 3rd Monday in January to be an annual public holiday in his honour. Written on his memorial are the concluding words from his "I have a dream speech": ""Free at last! Free at last! Thank God Almighty, we are free at last!",_Jr.

• Prison reform. The Quakers pioneered prison reform during the Victorian age. Suggested basic human rights for prisoners and teaching prisoners a trade etc.
Today, Prison Fellowship International (amongst other Christian ministries) works around the globe in prisons to help reform and rehabilitate prisoners:

• Prison reform+ - Elizabeth Fry. At the age of 18, young Elizabeth was deeply moved by the preaching of William Savery, an American Quaker. Motivated by his words, she took an interest in the poor, the sick, and the prisoners. She collected old clothes for the poor, visited those who were sick in her neighbourhood, and started a Sunday school in the summer house to teach children to read.
Fry was a major driving force behind new legislation to make the treatment of prisoners more humane, and she was supported in her efforts by the reigning monarch. Since 2001, she has been depicted on the Bank of England £5 note.

• The 7th Earl of Shaftsbury was inspired by his faith to do many things.
He became a Tory MP (Member of Parliament) in 1826, and almost immediately became a leader of the movement for factory reform. He was responsible for promoting a plethora of reform causes, including the Factory Acts of 1847 and 1853, the Ten Hour Bill, as well as the Mines and Collieries Act 1842 and the Lunacy Act 1845. One of his chief interests was the welfare of children, and he was chairman of the Ragged Schools Union and a keen supporter of Florence Nightingale. He was also involved as patron and president in the field of model dwellings companies, which sought to improve the housing of working classes in England.,_7th_Earl_of_Shaftesbury

• Braille worldwide system used by blind and visually impaired people.
Louis Braille was an innovator. Lying on his deathbed he said, “God was pleased to hold before my eyes the dazzling splendors of eternal hope…” His system is now used on a worldwide basis.

• Pioneering free or low cost health care for the terminally ill in our society dying of cancer.
Macmillan nurses. Douglas Macmillan.
Rose Hawthorne Lathrop created the first homes/treatment centers for cancer patients in the US. St. Rose's Free Home for Incurable Cancer

• Promotion of International fair trade for the poorest societies in the world. Tearfund.
Trade justice movement, Make Poverty History. Richard Adams OBE.

• Habitat for Humanity, one of the largest charities in the US which internationally provides housing for the poor. Founder Millard Fuller

• Shelter - one of the UK's biggest charities dedicated to ministry amongst the homeless.
Shelter is a registered charity that campaigns to end homelessness and bad housing in England and Scotland. It gives advice, information and advocacy to people in need, and tackles the root causes of bad housing by lobbying government and local authorities for new laws and policies to improve the lives of homeless and badly housed people.

• Salvation Army,- disaster relief, homeless missions, charity shops, caring for poor and downtrodden in many different countries. In 1994, the Chronicle of Philanthropy, an industry publication, released the results of the largest study of charitable and non-profit organization popularity and credibility. The study showed that The Salvation Army was ranked as the 4th "most popular charity/non-profit in America" of over 100 charities researched with 47% of Americans over the age of 12 choosing Love and Like A Lot for The Salvation Army. Charity Watch rates the Salvation Army an "A-" to an "A".Founder William Booth

• Leprosy Missions. Dr. Paul Wilson Brand was a pioneer in developing tendon transfer techniques for use in the hands of those with leprosy. He spent 19 years serving in India. During his career, Dr. Brand received many awards and honors. He was awarded the Hunterian professorship of the Royal College of Surgeons in 1952 etc…
Leprosy Mission International has over 130 years experience working with people that are considered “untouchable” in some societies. Founded by Wellesley Bailey in the 1860s.

• Kenneth L. Pike - World renowned linguist
Working for Wycliffe Bible translators, K.L. Pike became one of the worlds leading linguists with significant contributions to the field. His book "Phonetics", "revolutionized the thinking in the field" according to Prof. Eric Hamp. Hamp continues," It is fair to say that something like one half of all the raw data from exotic languages that has been placed at the disposal of theoretical linguists in the past quarter century can be attributed to the influence, and efforts of Kenneth Pike." He originated the Tagmemics theory.

• Public Libraries in Western Society
Christians have been responsible for developing libraries in Western society from the earliest times. This has had a great impact on learning and cultural development.
Check out some of the history:
History of Public Libraries. Here.
History of Bodleian Library. Here.
History of oldest English Speaking Library in world. Here.

• Dr. Carl Becker - Missionary Doctor and Leprosy expert
News of Dr. Beckers compassion spread and literally thousands of lepers sought out his help. By the early 1950s he was treating some four thousand resident patients on an eleven hundred acre property. Leprosy specialists worldwide also visited to learn from him, even the world's leading expert Dr. Robert Cochrane of Cambridge University was impressed with his findings. He lived in hostile conditions in the Congo, Africa where other people might not care to go.

• Sight to the blind. Dr. Victor C Rambo was a passionate Christian who could have made a lot of money as a doctor in the US. Instead he lived in India where he “worked from dawn ‘til dusk” operating on cataracts where little or no other help was available. Literally thousands of patients were helped through his ministry who would have otherwise been left seriously visually impaired or gone blind.

• Ministry to young people in our society – YMCA founded in 1844. Nobel Peace Prize winners. John Mott:
Founded by George Williams:

• World Vision, 1950 – child sponsorship, one of largest relief and development agencies in the US. Founded by Dr. Robert Pierce

• Samaritans Purse. Humanitarian organisation reaching those suffering in war, poverty, famine, disease and disaster. Franklin Graham

• Education UK. An overwhelming number of early education establishments were Christian before the State took over.
•In the UK, faith schools (Christian and Jewish) dominate the league table of performance. Two thirds of the 50 best performing institutions were Church of England, Roman Catholic or Jewish. This comes despite the fact that faith schools account for only one in every three schools.

• Lech Wałęsa. Devout Christian and charismatic president of Poland 1990-95. World renowned human rights activist. Winner of numerous international awards including the Nobel Peace prize 1983 and awarded over 30 honorary doctorates from universities worldwide. Co-founder of Solidarity, the Soviet bloc's first independent trade union.

• Dr. Ida Scudder - Missionary Doctor to India
Dedicated her life to womens health in India. Her reputation was so high that women and girls used to seek her out just to touch her. Doctors all over India sent their most difficult gynecological cases to her. She became so well known that a letter simply addressed "To: Dr. Ida, India" reached her in a country of over three hundred million people. In 1918, she started one of Asia's foremost teaching hospitals.

• David Bussau AM (born November 10, 1940) is a pioneer of microfinance, having founded Opportunity International Australia and co-founded the Opportunity International Network. He has been hailed for his innovative approach to solving world poverty by challenging the conventional wealth distribution model of development, addressing the root causes of poverty through responsible wealth creation. According to the World Bank, micro-enterprise has proven to be one of the most effective and sustainable ways to solve poverty.

• Rev. Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet, LL.D., (December 10, 1787 – September 10, 1851) was a renowned American pioneer in the education of the deaf. He co-founded and raised funds for the first institution for the education of the deaf in North America. For many years he was principal of that institution. His son Edward Miner Gallaudet (1837–1917) founded in 1864 the first college for the deaf which in 1986 became Gallaudet University.

• Charles Loring Brace (June 19, 1826 in Litchfield, Connecticut - August 11, 1890) was a contributing philanthropist in the field of social reform. He is considered a father of the modern foster care movement and was most renowned for starting the Orphan Train movement of the mid-19th century, and for founding The Children's Aid Society.

• Despite being crippled himself, John Pounds (1766-1839) was the man most responsible for the creation of the concept of “Ragged Schools” (charitable schools dedicated to the free education of destitute children). Working in the poorest districts, teachers initially utilised stables, lofts, and railway arches for their classes. The success of the Ragged Schools definitively demonstrated that there was a demand for education among the poor.

• Robert Raikes ("the Younger") (14 September 1736 – 5 April 1811) was an English philanthropist and Anglican layman, noted for his promotion of Sunday schools. Pre-dating state schooling and by 1831 schooling 1,250,000 children, they are seen as the first schools of the English state school system.
The movement started with a school for boys in the slums.

• Friedrich Wilhelm August Fröbel (or Froebel) (April 21, 1782 – June 21, 1852) laid the foundation for modern education based on the recognition that children have unique needs and capabilities. He developed the concept of the “kindergarten”, and also coined the word now used in German and English.

• Supporting mothers and families worldwide - The Mothers' Union (founded 1876)
Mothers’ Union is an international Christian charity that seeks to support families worldwide. It main aim is to support marriage and family life, especially through times of adversity.
Particularly concerned with the plight of women in the world, its projects include literacy and development, parenting, micro finance and campaigning against violence against women and the trafficking of women. The Mothers' Union is part of Make Poverty History and the Jubilee Debt Coalition.

• Pioneering education for women. Mary Lyon 1797-1849.
She valued socioeconomic diversity and endeavored to make the seminary affordable for students of modest means.

• Thomas Cogan. Humane Society. A humane society is a group that aims to stop human or animal suffering due to cruelty or other reasons, although in many countries, it is now used mostly for societies for the prevention of cruelty to animals (SPCAs). In the United Kingdom, it may also be a society that provides a waterways rescue, prevention, and recovery service, or that gives awards for the saving of human life (see: Royal Humane Society).

• Royal Society for the prevention of cruelty to Animals founded by Christians (William Wilberforce). It is the oldest and largest animal welfare organisation in the world and is one of the largest charities in the UK.

• One of the largest international literacy organisations in the world, SIL International, brings literacy to thousands of the world's poorest language communities. No other organisation has had anywhere near the impact SIL has on world literacy in minority groups. “Without doubt, SIL is the world’s leading agency doing literacy work among minority peoples.” Dr. H. S. Bhola, Professor of Education Indiana University.

• Frank Laubach. Committed Christian and pioneer of world literacy. Known as the “Apostle to the Illiterates” the programs he developed have been used to teach about 60 million people to read their own language. He was deeply concerned about poverty, injustice and illiteracy, and considered them barriers to peace in the world.

• Food for the Poor. Since 1982, Food for the Poor has distributed more than $8.2 billion worth of food, medicine, housing materials,water and other aid to the poor of the Caribbean and Latin America

• Meeting the needs of children in poverty-stricken areas. Mission Of Mercy

• George Mueller - orphanages and education
Mueller took no salary for himself. By 1870 his orphanages had multiplied and they were caring for two thousand children. He was well-known for providing an education to the children under his care, to the point where he was accused by some of “raising the poor above their natural station in life.”

Pioneering International orphan care. Amy Wilson Carmichael

• Dr. Helen Rosevere - missionary doctor to the Congo
Dr. Rosevere, a single missionary woman started a medical mission in the Nebobongo area of the Congo. She trained national workers and invested a lot of time and energy into caring for local people. She stayed on in Congo through politically unsettling times and suffered much abuse at the hands of rebels (beatings and rape). Incredibly, despite this she endured and courageously returned to Congo to continue her mission work.

• Jackie Pullinger MBE (born 1944) is a British Protestant Christian charismatic missionary to Hong Kong and founder of the St Stephen's Society. She has been ministering in Hong Kong since 1966. Her work has resulted in at least 500 drug addicts being saved from their drug addictions. The early years of her Hong Kong ministry are chronicled in the book Chasing the Dragon.

• Christian Aid. Christian Aid is one of the biggest international development agencies in the world. It was formed and is still supported by the major Christian churches in the British Isles. Its headquarters are in London. It works with local partner organizations in over 70 countries around the world to help the world's poorest communities. Christian Aid states it works where the need is greatest, regardless of religion, nationality or race.
Trade Justice
Development projects

• Education US. Out of the initial 110 universities started in the US, 100 had Christian foundations.

• Temperance Movement to address the abuse of alcohol in society.

• Pioneering surgery on infants. Dr. C. Everett Koop. Koop performed groundbreaking surgical procedures on conjoined twins, invented techniques which today are commonly used for infant surgery, and saved the lives of countless children who otherwise might have been allowed to die.

• Michael Faraday. Contributed extensively to the fields of Electromagnetism and Electrochemistry.
Known as “one of the most influential scientists in history. Historians of science refer to him as the best experimentalist in the history of science.” Discovered Benzene, invented early form of Bunsen Burner.

• Alcoholics Anonymous helps 2 million people. It's emergence was inspired by the Christian "Oxford Group".
Co-founder Bill claimed a dramatic spiritual experience of God.
Co-founder Dr. Bob Smith said that AA's basic ideas came from their study of the Bible; the Steps, in essence meant "love and service."
Narcotics Anonymous is also based on the above mentioned 12-step program.

• Pioneers of professional nursing and caring. The first official nurses’ training program, the Nightingale School for Nurses, opened in 1860. The mission of the school was to train nurses to work in hospitals, work with the poor, and to teach. Florence Nightingale "the mother of modern nursing". She said that God had called her just before her 17th birthday. Although later in life it is said that she wrote a document questioning the divinity of Christ, so it it unsure if she held to an orthodox Christian theology at that time.

• Amnesty International. Justice and liberty for oppressed people all over the world.
Started in 1961 by two Christians Peter Beneson and Eric Baker.
Nobel Peace prize 1977 for campaign against torture.

• (UK) Recent research showed that 81% of evangelical Christians do some kind of voluntary work at least once a month. This compares with a much lower figure of 26% for the population at large, obtained in citizenship surveys by the Department for Communities and Local Government, and is consistent with comparable differences identified by researchers in North America.
Similar results were confirmed through a five-year study by the political scientists David Campbell and Robert Putman.

• Oxfam was a pioneer of modern famine relief. It works to address famine and injustice on a worldwide scale. Founded by Quaker Christians in Oxford: in May 1942, Quaker Edith Pye established a national Famine Relief Committee and encouraged the setting up of a network of local famine relief committees, among the most energetic of which was the Oxford Committee for Famine Relief, set up by Canon Richard Milford. At little while after setup non-Christians such as Prof. Gilbert Murray got involved too. As Canon Milford had always insisted, its work would be underpinned by the principle first established for Quaker relief work during the Franco-Prussian War – that relief should be given on the basis of need, without regard for religion, nationality or ‘side’ in a conflict.

Debra Green OBE - founder of Redeeming Our Communities
Since 2003 Debra has been National Director of Redeeming Our Communities or ROC: this charity aims to bring about community transformation by creating strategic partnerships which open up opportunities for crime and disorder reduction and improved community cohesion.
Over the following years, stories of community transformation emerged across the nation, some of which were collected together for Debra's 2008 book 'Redeeming Our Communities: 21st Century Miracles of Social Transformation'.
In recognition of her work towards community cohesion, she was awarded an OBE in June 2012

The good works still continue. Here is a more recent sampling:

• People who "do God, do good" - admits British Politician.
Churches alone are providing almost 100 million hours of unpaid volunteer work on social projects a year, up by more than a third in two years, while donations for such work are up by a fifth, it found. Despite the economic situation, church members alone have increased their donations to social action projects by 19 per cent in two years to £342 million.
Churches step into void in recession-hit Britain.
The scale of Britain’s reliance on churches to meet social needs is set out in a report showing more than half of Anglican parishes run services such as food banks, homework clubs and even street patrols.

• Street Pastors is an initiative of Ascension Trust. Individual street pastors are Christian adults with a concern for their community, who undergo 12 days of training in order to voluntarily patrol the streets of towns and cities at night, helping and caring for people in practical ways. The initiative began in the United Kingdom and is now being operated in other countries. Many police services, in areas such as London and Scotland, have praised the scheme. Ascension Trust reports that reduction in crime figures have been recorded in areas where the Street Pastors initiatives have been operating, which have been confirmed by official police figures.
Politicians who have expressed admiration or support for the scheme include UK Prime Minister David Cameron and Mayor of London Boris Johnson. Frank Soodeen of the pressure group Alcohol Concern has also praised the work of Street Pastors, for their work assisting drunken young people to get home safely. A number of local Street Pastor groups have won community awards.
Whilst some individuals have reacted negatively, the general public response to Street Pastors has been markedly positive, even among those who have been observed being abusive to the emergency services.

• Kindernothilfe (KNH) is a charity organization and was founded in 1959 by a group of Christians in Duisburg, Germany, in order to help needy children in India. Over time, it has become one of the largest Christian organizations in Europe for children's aid.
Today it supports more than 580,000 children and young people in 28 countries in Africa, Asia, Latin America and Eastern Europe. KNH aims to give needy children in the poorest countries of the world a chance to a good start in life.

• Caritas Internationalis is a confederate of 164 Roman Catholic relief, development and social service organisations operating in over 200 countries and territories worldwide. Collectively and individually their mission is to work to build a better world, especially for the poor and oppressed.

• Children of the Nations (COTN) was founded in 1995 and exists to partner with nationals in poverty-stricken areas of the world to provide care for orphaned and destitute children. Operating in Malawi, Sierra Leone, the Dominican Republic, and Uganda, COTN helps nearly 7,000 children on a daily basis. COTN's stated goal is to "Raise children who transform nations."

• Christian Foundation for Children and Aging (CFCA) is a nonprofit sponsorship organization headquartered in Kansas City, Kansas. CFCA was founded by lay Catholic workers acting on the Gospel call to serve the poor. Its Hope for a Family sponsorship program provides basic necessities like food, education, clothing and access to medical care to children and elderly in some of the world's poorest communities. Today, CFCA sponsors support more than 300,000 children, youth and aging persons in 22 countries

• CORD (Christian Outreach Relief and Development) - New life after conflict CORD is a humanitarian organisation working with displaced people and communities affected by violent conflicts around the world. Established in 1967 and rooted in Christian faith. Located in the UK.

• Christians Against Poverty (CAP) is a Christian charitable company in the United Kingdom founded in Bradford, West Yorkshire by John Kirkby in 1996. It is a national organisation specialising in debt counselling for individuals in financial difficulty, including those in need ofbankruptcy or insolvency.

• Compassion International is a Christian child sponsorship organization dedicated to the long-term development of children living in poverty around the world. Compassion International, headquartered in Colorado Springs, functions in 26 countries such as Bolivia, Colombia, Mexico, Haiti, Kenya, and India. They also currently help more than 1,200,000 children.

• Cross International Alliance (Cross) is an inter-denominational Christian relief and development organization based in South Florida that provides food, shelter, education, medical care and emergency aid to the poor in over 30 countries across the globe. Cross was recently recognized for its work in Haiti, receiving a $4.8 million grant from the U.S. government for a new program seeking to care for children and families impacted by AIDSin the country. From its headquarters in Pompano Beach, Cross raises millions of dollars through donations each year to fund development programs that target the “poorest of the poor” in developing countries, and it ships millions of dollars worth of humanitarian goods to high-need areas such as Kenya and Nicaragua.

• Hope UK is a national Christian charity located at 25(f) Copperfield Street, London, England which educates children and young people about drug and alcohol abuse. It began as the Band of Hope in 1847 in Leeds, to teach children the importance and principles of sobriety andteetotalism. In 1855, a national organisation was formed amidst an explosion of Band of Hope work. Meetings were held in churches throughout the UK and included Christian teaching.

• Medair is an international non-governmental organization NGO of humanitarian aid with a stated mission, "to seek out and serve the most vulnerable people affected by crises." Medair’s core competencies are emergency relief and rehabilitation. Medair lists its values as: hope, compassion, dignity, accountability, integrity, and faith.

• Medical Teams International (formerly Northwest Medical Teams) is a non-profit humanitarian aid and global health organization. Medical Teams International has mobilized 2,000 teams since 1979, shipped $1.3 billion in medical aid since 1986, provided care to 4.5 million people in 53 nations in 2008, sent more than 2,600 volunteers serving annually in its various programs all over the world.

• Mercy Ministries is an international, Evangelical, charismatic, Christian, charitable organization that offers a long-term residential program for young women aged 13–28 who struggle with various "life controlling" issues. In 2008, the top issues that Mercy Ministries reported themselves to be dealing with were: eating disorders (69%), self-harm (60%), sexual abuse (55%), emotional/verbal abuse (55%), depression (55%), chemical dependency (49%), physical abuse (37%) and pregnancy (6%)

• The Message Trust is an award-winning Christian charity working to improve the lives of young people in Greater Manchester, UK and beyond through the Eden Network.
Working in schools, in local communities and in prisons, The Message is in contact with around 100,000 young people across Greater Manchester each year. The Message was founded by well-known speaker, author and current chief executive, Andy Hawthorne OBE.

• Prospects is a Christian charity in the United Kingdom whose aim is to support learning disabled adults, and to enable them to reach their full potential. It was founded in the mid-1970s by David Potter, a Christian minister, who was drawn to the needs of these adults because he and his wife had a daughter with Down's syndrome.

• Tiny Hands International (THI) is a Christian nonprofit organization dedicated to helping orphaned and abandoned children and fighting sex trafficking in South Asia. Tiny Hands operates through national non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in Nepal, Bangladesh, and India.

• VisionTrust is an international, non-denominational non-profit organization that assists orphanedand impoverished children around the world. The organization works alongside Christian Nationals to help children gain education, nutritional support, medical assistance and spiritual discipleship. VisionTrust works in schools, orphanages, learning centers and medical clinics. They offer child sponsorships, short-term mission trips, and assist churches with educational materials to promote participation in this effort

• World Concern is a Christian humanitarian organization that operates relief and development programs in 13 countries, and funds partnership programs in nine other countries. The organization’s mission statement is, “World Concern provides life, opportunity and hope to suffering people around the world, through disaster response and development programs. Motivated by our love of Christ, we bring hope and reconciliation to those we serve, so they may in turn share with others.”


Another ten-point coalition...

Action of Christian Church coalition helped slash massive Boston street gang violence

The churches in question were a group led by the Rev. Eugene Rivers, who with hours created a Ten Point Coalition" - an action plan they pledged to- including street patrols, neighborhood watches, cooperative relationships with local police (wait- you thought every black hood supposed to be filled only with anti-police activists did you?), mentors, use of "street smart" workers to reach hardcore "gang bangas", social groups and events serving as an alternative to gangs, teaching African-American/Latino heritage and history, job and employment development and an overall message of Christian values and self-help- anathema to some in the streets as well as the suites. The results were successful- a reduction in gang violence throughout those neighborhoods of Boston where the Coalition plan was applied vigorously, and this included working with law enforcement not only in crackdowns but in diversion programs from the prison complex.

Was said Coalition ALONE responsible for ALL progress? Of course not,and few honest observers make that claim, which is mostly a strawman put forward by detractors. The Coalition example just shows what is possible under a mobilized Christian community. And yes the Coalition did preach traditional values and family. And they did criticize what they held to be questionable police shootings and practices, along with condemning cop-killers as well.

Some critics have charged that leader Rivers has national aspirations and has forgotten the local mission in a quest for greater limelight. Whatever the truth of that charge, that's on Rivers. Whether he gets more national press or not, is irrelevant to the positive bottom lines on the ground. Below is an excerpt from one article.

will this guy shoot straight?..

Neighborhood churches working to reduce youth violence   
Ten Point Coalition is an alliance of churches that offers services and training to troubled youth in an effort to control local violence. The program was successful in reducing youth violence in Boston, MA, and is spreading to other cities.
Full Text: 
Five years ago, the tall Victorian building on a tree-lined street in Boston's Dorchester section was a crack house, a magnet for crime and a troubling symbol in one of the city's most violence-ridden neighborhoods.
Today, the remodeled structure is the parish house of the Pentecostal Azusa Christian Community and the centerpiece of Boston's widely acclaimed Ten Point Coalition, a local anti-violence campaign now expanding to other U.S. cities.
On most days, the bright, airy rooms m the house swarm with activity. Children come and go from three second-floor rooms that serve as drop-in centers. Self-help groups meet downstairs. Teen-age counselors circulate, talking with younger children, helping them with projects and leading them to a playground across the street.

"I like it here," said Shakei Waldeen, 8, as she sat around a big table with a group of friends one recent afternoon. "I read and write and do my homework. I like it when we go places."
The activities at the parish house are among dozens of programs run by the Ten Point Coalition, a five-year-old alliance of about a dozen small, predominantly black churches in Boston and neighboring Cambridge. Organized after a shocking 1992 church stabbing during a gang member's funeral, the coalition sponsors summer camps, finds summer jobs for teen-agers, trains youth workers, and runs rape crisis and drop-in centers.

Counselors from coalition churches serve as go-betweens for troubled youths and their teachers, probation officers and the police. Clergy and lay leaders walk the streets and talk with youths. Churches stay open nights as safe havens for those seeking refuge from the streets.

The Ten Point Coalition is widely credited with a key role in the sharp reduction in youth violence in Boston in recent years. In more than a year and a half, no juveniles have been victims of a gun homicide in Boston. Homicides for young men, ages 24 and under, this year are down by 75 percent from five years ago.
The drop in juvenile crime follows a period in the early 1990s when a gang-related shooting was happening at the rate of every other day.
"I give them more credit than any other group for the reduction in juvenile crime," said Jack Levin, director of the Program for the Study of Violence at Boston's Northeastern University.

"Yes, there are other factors," said Levin. "Community policing has helped, and we're locking up more crimina]s and demographics have changed. But the truth is, it is these efforts that make the real difference."
The 10 points are a series of specific actions the Boston churches pledged to undertake, including organizing crime watches, offering drug abuse counseling, and starting an "adopt-a-gang" program to reach out to troubled youth. The other steps in the 10-point action plan are finding mentors for African-American and Latino youths, hiring street workers to work with drug dealers, building ties to suburban churches, forming partnerships with community health centers, teaching African-American and Latino history, promoting economic development and jobs, and developing social groups that could serve as alternatives to violent gangs. The overall message is one of self-help in the African-American community.

The Boston coalition's co-founders, the Rev. Eugene F. Rivers, pastor of the Azusa Christian Community, and the Rev. Jeffrey L. Brown, pastor of Cambridge's Union Baptist Church, now are trying to take their anti-violence campaign nationally.
This spring the Boston ministers founded the National Ten Point Leadership Foundation, which has a goal of m 1,000 churches in 40 cities by the year 2006. Rivers and Brown have been laying the ground-work with visits to black ministers and community leaders in more than a dozen cities, including Tampa New York, Philadelphia and Louisville, Ky.

John J. DiIulio Jr., a Princeton professor of politics and public affairs who has followed closely the work of the coalition, said he is amazed at how much a handful of church leaders accomplished. "It was really just a small cadre of leaders and volunteers," he said. DiIulio said he believes the black churches are probably the only local institutions capable now of leading the revitalization of inner city black neighborhoods.
Rivers, 47, is increasingly in the spotlight now. He has been profiled as one of the country's most influential black leaders by CBS's "48 Hours" and the New Yorker magazine. He was a panelist for Bill Moyers' PBS series, "Genesis: A Living Conversation."

Despite his rising national star, Rivers still finds tune to work with young people at the Azusa church, which he founded in 1984, naming it after the Los Angeles street where the first black Pentecostal church opened a century ago.

  The Rev Kevin Cosby, pastor of Louisville's St. Stephen Baptist Church, who is trying to organize a local version of the Boston program, said he sees the Ten Point Coalition movement as another example of black churches in the forefront of social change.

"The church historically has been the mother of our institutions," said Cosby.
Preer, Robert. "Neighborhood churches working to reduce youth violence." Nation's Cities Weekly 25 Aug. 1997: 1+. Academic OneFile. Web. 19 Nov. 2015.

Joint products of "racial evolution"...


The social construction of race, compared to biology- Graves

 Why HBD or hereditarianism lacks credibility

Leading Scientists criticize hereditarian claims

Thai me down - Thais fall behind genetically related southern Chinese, Tibetans below genetically related East Asians like Koreans and other Chinese

Time for liberals to respect "the south" ... in a way of speaking.. the south of Egypt that is..

Irony 2: touted High IQ "G-men" cannot reproduce themselves

Unz and Sowell: Unz debunking Lynn's IQ and Wealth of Nations. Sowell debunking the Bell Curve

Irony 1: touted High IQ types are more homosexual, more atheist, and more liberal (HAL)

Elite white universities discriminate against Asians using reverse "affirmative action"

Deteriorating state of white America

Racial Cartels (The Affirmative Action Propaganda machine- part 2

Hereditarian's/HBD's "Great Black Hope"

Exploding nonsense: the 10,000 Year Explosion

We need "rational racism"? Proponent Dinesh D;Souza becomes his own test case

The Affirmative Action Propaganda Machine- part 1

Two rules for being "really" black- no white wimmen, no Republican

The Axial age reconsidered - or latitude not attitide

Cannibal seasonings: dark meat on white

"Affirmative Action" in the form of court remedies has been around a long time- since the 1930s- benefiting white union workers against discrimination by employers

Mugged by reality 1: White quotas, special preferences and government jobs

Lightweight enforcement of EEO laws contradicts claims of "flood" of minorities "taking jobs"

Railroaded 3: white violence and intimidation imposed quotas

Railroaded 2: how white quotas and special preferences blockade black progress...

Railroaded 1: How white affirmative action and white special preferences destroyed black railroad employment...

Affirmative action: primary beneficiaries are white women...

7 reasons certain libertarians and right-wingers are wrong about the Civil Right Act

Social philosophy of Thomas Sowell

Bogus "biodiversity" theories of Kanazawa, Ruston, Lynn debunked

JP Rushton, Michael Levin, Richard Lynn debunked. Weaknesses of Jared Diamond's approach.

In the Blood- debunking "HBD" and Neo-Nazi appropriation of ancient Egypt

early Europeans and middle Easterners looked like Africans. Peoples returning or "backflowing" to Africa would already be looking like Africans

 Ancient Egypt: one of the world's most advanced civilizations- created by tropical peoples

Playing the "Greek defence" -debunking claims of Greeks as paragons of virtue or exemplars of goodness

Quotations from mainstream academic research on the Nile Valley peoples

Assorted data debunking

Evolution, brain size, and the national IQ of peoples ... - Jelte Wicherts 2010

Why national IQs do not support evolutionary theories of intelligence - WIcherts, Borsboom and Dolan 2010
Personality and Individual Differences 48 (2010) 91-96
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Are intelligence tests measurement invariant over time? by JM Wicherts - ?2004
 --Dolan, Wicherts et al 2004. Investigating the nature of the Flynn effect. Intelligence 32 (2004) 509-537

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Race and other misadventures: essays in honor of Ashley Montagu... By Larry T. Reynolds, Leonard Lieberman

Race and intelligence: separating science from myth. By Jefferson M. Fish. Routledge 2002. See Templeton's detailed article referenced above also inside the book
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Oubre, A (2011) Race Genes and Ability: Rethinking Ethnic Differences, vol 1 and 2. BTI Press
For summary see:
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--S OY Keita, R A Kittles, et al. "Conceptualizing human variation," Nature Genetics 36, S17 - S20 (2004)

--S.O.Y. Keita and Rick Kittles. (1997) *The Persistence ofRacial Thinking and the Myth of Racial Divergence. AJPA, 99:3
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Alan Templeton. "The Genetic and Evolutionary significnce oF Human Races." pp 31-56. IN: J. FiSh (2002) Race and Intelligence: Separating scinnce from myth.

 J. FiSh (2002) Race and Intelligence: Separating science from myth.


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Oubre, A (2011) Race Genes and Ability: Rethinking Ethnic Differences, vol 1 and 2. BTI Press

Krimsky, S, Sloan.K (2011) Race and the Genetic Revolution: Science, Myth, and Culture

Wicherts and Johnson, 2009. Group differences in the heritability of items and test scores

--Joseph Graves, 2006. What We Know and What We Don’t Know: Human Genetic Variation and the Social Construction of Race

J. Kahn (2013) How a Drug Becomes "Ethnic" - Yale Journal of Health Policy, Law and Ethics, v4:1

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