Chapter 1 lays out their claim of bucking conventional wisdom among scientists, who it is claimed, hold to a "Great Leap Forward" in cultural evolution that marked the end of evolution some 40,000 to 50,000 years ago in Europe. The only thing wrong with this claim is that it is a strawman. Cochran and Harpending provide little evidence as to the existence of this "conventional wisdom" among scientists regarding static human evolution. Who exactly is preaching this "static" condition? We don't know and the authors don't say. Respected heavyweight scientists in the field (like Stringer 2012 (Lone Survivors), and Mellars 2006 (WHy DId Modern human populations disperse..' ), do not at all hold to the alleged "conventional wisdom" strawman re "static" evolution or of alleged European "cultural revolutions" and in fact dispute these notions in their writings as cited.
Stephen Jay Gould is referenced as saying that 50-100,000 years is too short to notice any "evolutionary" changes. OK, but this does not at all mean Gould held to any idea of "static" humanity- just that said time frame was too short to see changes of any significant "evolutionary" magnitude.
In addition, since the late 1990s/early 2000s numerous scientists have challenged the notion of a "Great Leap Forward." McBreaty and Brooks (2000) for example in their seminal article:"The Revolution That Wasn't"- showing that so called "revolutionary" changes in Europe in culture such as art and symbolic processing had in fact taken place in Africa millennia before the alleged "cultural revolution" in Europe. A referenced author, Klein (2000) himself holds that the innovations that led to the behavioral "spark" developed FIRST in Africa, before moving to Europe. Ironically, the authors themselves subscribe to "conventional wisdom" of a great "innovations bustin forth all over" when they argue that the Paleolithic cultural explosion is due to some sort of dramatic change in Chapter 2. They say they are challenging "conventional wisdom" but in key ways are merely repackaging and continuing the very same "conventions."
Harpending and Cochran proffer the notion of a rapid genetic change causing the innovations, but even if these as Klein says took place in Africa first, they only present a bare outline of vague data with little precision. Yes perhaps the FOXP2 alleles and MCPH1 genes may regulate brain size, but did they have any credible role to play in the self-styled "cultural revolution"? If so how? All we get is vague speculation, including the claim that said genetic elements derived first from Neanderthals. If this an attempt to connect bigger brains with Neanderthals, which in turn link to modern humans it fails dismally- both in logic and data. "HBD" types of course love this because it allows styled cold-climate "Caucasoid continuity" from the Neanderthals down to modern Europeans. They only thing wrong with such styling is that it is nonsense.
The authors spend much time documenting things NOT at issue- such as the beneficial effect of more food, or the time created for surplus craft production etc. But this “evolution”? Little credible evidence is presented that it is. Remember the authors neglect even to proffer a precise definition of “evolution.” We just have to take their vague framework in which a bunch of things (some shakier than others) are tacked on.
What specific alleles in Europeans led to the vicious, hart-rending mass murder of the Holocaust? The high IQ Germans for example showed advanced cognitive organization and efficiency in murder. Consider their more efficient killing methods:
"He called the method of mass killing he invented Sardinenpackung. As Meier describes, it involved forcing victims to lie together face down and side and side and killing them with Genickschussen, then forcing the next group of victims who preceded them to form another layer, ignoring the victims; terror and horror in the interest of efficiently filling up the killing pit. Jeckeln's despicably cruel execution protocols destroys SS claims, during and after the warm that its executions were 'correct' military-style executions of partisans. Himmler's goal was mass murder.. By the end of August 1941, commanding the Kommandostab SS First Brigade in the western Ukraine, Jeckeln had personally supervised the murder of more than 44,000 human beings, the largest total of Jews murdered by any of Himmler's virulent legions that month." -- Richard Rhodes. Masters of Death: The SS-Einsatzgruppen .. 2002
"I went out to the woods alone. The Wehrmacht had already dug a grave. The children were brought along in a tractor-drawn wagon. I had nothing to do with this technical procedure. The Ukrainians were standing round trembling. The children were taken down from the tractor. They were lined up along the top of the grave and shot so that they fell into it. The Ukrainians did not aim at any particular part of the body. They fell into the grave. The wailing was indescribable. I shall never forget the scene throughout my life. I find it very hard to bear. I particularly remember a small fair-haired girl who took me by the hand. She too was shot later.. The grave was near some woods. IT was not near the firing range. The execution must have taken place in the afternoon at about three-thirty or four.. Many children were hit four or five times before they died." -- Richard Rhodes. Masters of Death: The SS-Einsatzgruppen .. 2002 p. 135
So what DNA alleles among high IQ Europeans is responsible for such far-sighted cognition and efficiency? What one calls mere "technical procedure"? And we haven't even gotten to the DNA alleles that produced Comrade Stalin.. It is all well and good to talk about alleles when Europeans can be present as good and virtuous. But why do we here so little about the flip side?
As for the Sahara, it was never an absolute barrier to movement- indeed it was once a lush greenbelt that helped shape a great part of Africa- a true "Pan-African" entity (Kruper and Kroelin 2006). The present shift of the desert southward with about 3 miles being added every year make peoples and cultures once “sub-Saharan,” converted to NON sub-Saharan, obscuring deep-rooted historical patterns. And well-known kingdom like Mansa Musa’s
A Final Irony: Will Continued "Evolution" Of Europeans Make Them More Atheist, More Liberal And More Gay? Some HBD Arguments Seem To Suggest This. Yet ironically, many Hbders Rail Against Liberalism And Its Fallout - More Gay Rights, More Social Spending Etc.
Yet it is higher IQ whites for the most part that are putting such things in place.
Liberalism linked with higher IQs. If higher cognitive patterns are the mark of the future, then some data shows that the trending is for more liberalism, lack of religious faith and more homosexuality. This is linked with higher IQ folk supposedly having a penchant for the novel and unexpected. Such novelty you see is what allegedly "selects" for higher IQ per HBD dogma. Some HBD data seems to support these patterns among higher IQ folk. For example, liberal “non-judgmentalism” is quite on track- for those identified as liberal may have higher IQs than non “liberals” (Kanazawa 2010). According to hereditarianism and “racial reality” favorite Satoshi Kanazawa (2010), intelligent people tend to have values novel in human evolutionary history, as compared to somewhat squarer conservative types.
Homosexuality linked with higher IQs. This “evolutionary” preference for the novel and unexpected tracks well with more liberal, non-traditional types, mayhaps even “fabulous” types. Interestingly enough- some data show that gays on the average have higher IQs that straights- perhaps a reflection of that supposed taste for the “novel.” (See for example: John P. De Cecco, Michael G. Shively (1984) Bisexual and homosexual identities: critical theoretical issues.)
Some studies (Rogers and Turner 1991) report higher rates of homosexual activity among whites than blacks. Remafedi, Resnic Blum and Harris (1992) also find same sex attraction some 3 times higher in Whites than Blacks. Yet another study confirms white trending in homosexuality. A National AIDS Behavioral Survey study (NABS), reported by Binson et al (1995) shows that 9.1% of white men, 3.1% of Black men, 2.7 percent of Hispanic men, and 2.3 percent of Asian/other had had same-sex action. In essence whites were 3 times more likely than blacks to be engaging in homosexual acts. Indeed, the NABS study oversampled Black and Hispanic men but still showed higher rates of white activity. In another study based on vascular risk factors Krieger and Sidney (1997) reported white women and men were more likely to have had homosexual or bisexual contact than either black men or black women. In essence whites were twice as likely to be engaged in homosexual behavior than blacks.
This HBD data no doubt does not cover all the studies but it does raise the question. If higher IQ whites are trending more homosexual, could this gay trend therefore represent a higher step up of white evolution? These are indeed the questions HBDers say they are asking, brave questions "which few dare ask" they say, and so on. OK, let's use their "IQ Supreme" model for a moment. Given the higher IQ trends, do more gays represent an advance in white evolution? Could this not be another argument for gay marriage- the need to encourage such a high IQ sub-population rather than discourage them?
Less religious faith/more atheism linked with higher IQs. In addition, the higher IQ people whites may also tend to be more atheist, or more skeptical, or weaker in religious faith. Zuckerman 2013's meta-analysis found 'a reliable negative relation between intelligence and religiosity' in 53 out of 63 studies. What this boils down to, on the average, is that smarter people tend to be less religious, and this includes atheists. (Zukerman et al, 2013. The Relation Between Intelligence and Religiosity: A Meta-Analysis and Some Proposed Explanations', 'Personality and Social Psychology Review'). The authors claim that even during early years, the more intelligent a child is the more likely it would be to turn away from religion. A 2009 study of white American youth came to the same overall conclusion - atheists scored an average of 1.95 IQ points higher than agnostics, 3.82 points higher than liberal persuasions, and 5.89 IQ points higher than dogmatic persuasions (Nyborg(2009). "The intelligence–religiosity nexus: A representative study of white adolescent Americans". Intelligence 37: 81–93.) In short, people at the higher end of the Bell Curve would tend to reject or despise faith more, or be less serious/more eclectic. They are the celebrated folk with high IQs, and, (not surprisingly) they also tend to be more liberal.
Thus the final irony. There are many who are all too happy to use IQ as a club to bash “lesser breeds” – but as it turns out, their own almighty IQ construct, Great Source Of All, has produced a class of leading folk that in many ways undermine and displace traditional values. The "cognitive elite" so touted in many quarters tends to be:
--More liberal/leftist/politically correct
--More atheist/skeptical of or hostile to faith
--More gay/cross-gender/willing to experiment sexually
And these characteristics in many ways produce fallout that bodes ill for the more free-market oriented, conservative America many HBDers tout. Why are people like Charles Murray (and various other "heriditarian" types) complaining when their "high G" favorites are those in the forefront of helping white America "come apart" (to borrow from the title of Murray's book)? Didn't he celebrate these people earlier? They worship the IQ gods, and the IQ gods have served up exactly what will undermine them. Surely their gods must be laughing.
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