Sunday, May 1, 2016

Shame on you, and your guilt too- A review of Shelby Steele's 'Shame'


This is a review of Shelby Steel's recent book "Shame." Overall, Steele serves up a disingenuous lightweight tome heavy on personal anecdote but short on in-depth analysis. The book seems basically a retread of his 2007 book "White Guilt" but with more personal details. This rehashed tome also fails, and does so on 6 counts.


1) STEELE STUCK IN THE PAST WITH STALE, EVEN BOGUS ARGUMENTS: 

Much of his analysis is standard conservative boilerplate on the evils of liberalism, boilerplate we have all heard and read about for well nigh 2 decades. He feels "liberals" are stuck in the past, using America's racial sins to grab power. But some of Steele's own arguments also seem "stuck in the past," like an old curmudgeon steadfastly banging his cane on the front porch, as he recites long debunked "truths."

Affirmative action" for example has been watered down to trivial proportions for well over a decade- from limits or restrictions imposed by courts, to citizen initiatives like California's Prop 209 which took place in 1996, OVER 20 YEARS AGO. Set aside programs have been much watered down- since the 1980s both by legislative and executive action and by court cases such as Adarand and Croson (circa 1989 and 1995), over 2 decades ago. The notion that "the liberals" are somehow throwing America into a "crisis" of using these long hollowed out policies as a mechanism to grab power is dubious.

And the flip side is that conservatives may be cynically using such long weakened and ineffective policies and alleged "white suffering" under "quotas" as a talking point, and mobilization mechanism for their own purposes-  to keep their "base" in a perennial state of indignation. Furthermore CONSERVATIVE scholars like his fellow black conservative Thomas Sowell has shown that AA is not much responsible for black economic advance, which is a long-standing trend since the 1950s. Steele and other conservatives know this yet they still keep pushing the same bogus propaganda line re "affirmative action." - like Ann Coulter in her recent book "Mugged."

 

2) STEELE LAMENTS "POLARIZATION" BUT CURIOUSLY SKIPS OVER CONSERVATIVE POLARIZATION TACTICS.

Let's look at such tactics- take welfare. Are "the liberals" using government programs like "welfare" as a mechanism to "grab" power? This old, stale charge is so laughably out of date that it doesn't deserve comment, yet for Steele, and other conservative dinosaurs, it is a virtual article of faith. Indeed several polls of white Americans seem them clinging to the notion that most black people are on welfare, when in fact only about 14% of black Americans receive AFDC. You wouldn't know this though from the barrage of right wing propaganda. And are "the culluds" eating up more and more welfare by ye olde hardworking white Amurricans? So it would seem according to the white right-wing propaganda mills, but in fact when adjusted for inflation welfare benefits have actually DECLINED in the 1980s and 1990s. Indeed it was a liberal Democrat, Clinton that enacted welfare reform that reduced the rolls on into the 2000s. Furthermore, as several studies show states with higher proportions of poor black recipients gave relatively LESS welfare than states with higher proportions of white beneficiaries- with whites being favored overall with more generous benefits- even though the blacks were poorer. (Durr and Hill 2006- Race, Work, and Family in the Lives of African Americans). 

So with less people on welfare, with welfare benefits declining, and with white people deriving more relative benefit from welfare, why do conservatives continue to cynically and dishonestly feed the propaganda mills grist about "all the blacks on welfare" and "increasing government welfare" etc etc? We know why of course- so they can pump up the white base and keep it perennially angry.

Examples can be easily multiplied here race is concerned, whether it be Goldwater and Nixon's cynical "southern Strategy," to bogus claims about "unqualified blacks" allegedly "swamping" workplaces due to "quotas." Steele spends a lot of time bashing "the liberals" for "polarizing" America, but he carefully avoids shining the spotlight on conservatives for their dishonest and cynical role in promoting the self-same "polarization."

 


3) IT'S NOT ONLY LIBERALS WHO PLAY THE "VICTIM" CARD BUT CONSERVATIVES AS WELL. 

Steele asserts that liberals deal in "poetic truth" as a reaction to the shames of America's past- like racism etc., and a world of victims and victimizers. This is true as to SOME liberals, but the same could also be said of SOME conservatives- who proffer "victim truth" and portray whites as innocent "sufferahs" at the hands of evil liberals and minorities- you know- like white welfare recipients - "victims" who on average receive HIGHER benefits that black recipients even though the black ones are in greater need (Durr and Hill 2006). or the paltry 2-4% of minority students admitted to say top tier Ivy universities under preference policies, compared to the 10-30% of white "legacies" admitted under preferential policies, or white women "victims" who are the primary beneficiaries of "affirmative action." (Sowell 2004) Its mostly the black admittees that draw right wing bile and scorn you see. White people mostly get a relative pass. In short, white conservatives are just as cynical and hypocritical as liberals, and have their own version of "political correctness" - i.e. "conservative correctness" as a simplistic answer for America's ills.

Steele also posits the late 1960s before "affirmative action" as some sort of golden age, an age of "authority" compared to the liberal initiated age of "authenticity." He references white elites and the Black Panthers etc etc.. But all this is laughably dated and obsolete, and time and time again, Steele appears stuck in the past. His personal anecdotes as to growing up in the 1950s and so on, only reinforce the case. News flash to Steele who in the early 1970s was a well placed academic at a university (San Jose State that was heavily recruiting minority professors under its own "affirmative action" program), and could marry his white wife and float above the fray: it was no "golden age." In fact it was a time of  still present open racism and strong counter-reaction. Just ask conservative favorite Richard Nixon when he tried to persuade white unions to start complying with basic civil rights laws. They ignored or stonewalled him to the point that an exasperated Nixon put the hammer down and inaugurated his famous, landmark "affirmative action" Philadelphia Plan, that actually forced racist white unions to open up previously "reserved" jobs for whites to all Americans. Or just ask black workers denied promotions or held back, or black job seekers locked out of the market by white racism, or black housing seekers locked out decent accommodations. It took the hammer blows of lawsuits, protests as well as shifting economic and demographic circumstances to effect change. The average black person did not have the luxury of flitting about as a relatively well paid college professor in San Jose.

Steele also offers breathless statements such as that the desire for equality has trumped freedom, virtue and honesty. This may be so in SOME cases, as many can see re "PC"college campus excesses. But in others, the desire to preserve white privilege and sandbag black progress has also trumped freedom, virtue and honesty. Steele himself warns his readers not to naively assume that racism has disappeared, but he stops there, and can't candidly examine the conservative side of the equation for that would undermine his whole position and persona. There is nothing wrong with being a black conservative, its finding an HONEST black conservative willing to speak candidly about the right wing that's a problem. To speak candidly would undermine their position and the support they get from the white right. 

As for honesty and character being undermined by preferential programs, this is so as to SOME instances, but there is the flip side that again Steele ducks and avoids. What about honesty and character in conservative dealings on race? Or even in some of the white preferences which are as strong as ever- from the quiet networks that ensure only white friends, relatives and cronies "get the hookup", to the subtle policy manipulations that price "the culluds" out of certain venues, to bureaucratic rules that do the same, to numerous other subtle, behind the scenes webs of white manipulation and deception. Scholars  have long detailed such things. Again, Steele dare not open that can of worms, less his own burnished image as a "straight talking" man of courage be exposed as less than advertised. 



4) STEELE AVOIDS THE CENTRAL FACT OF AMERICAN LIFE THAT MOST WHITES FEEL NO "GUILT" OR "SHAME" AT ALL.

Most banish shame to a past era- long ago- hence the popular white refrain: "I had nothing to do with owning slaves." This is the default white position.  Contrary to Steele's notion, the detailed work of scholars like Eduardo Bonilla-Silva (Racism Without Racists), for example, demonstrates in depth that whites are mostly indifferent or in deep denial about any "shame." In fact in poll after poll whites typically dismiss their own culpability or complicity in creating racial inequality in America, and heavily blame black people for every ill besetting them. And as others like author Tim Wise show 2009- (Between Barack and A Hard Place) as early as 1963, whites in polls were dismissing black concerns saying that blacks had just as good opportunities as whites in the workplace or in education. This same white fantasy denial or dismissal mentality continues on into some of today's polls. Many whites for example still seem to think a majority of blacks are on welfare (a bogus notion), or that black folk depend to any significant extent on "affirmative action quotas" which are creating cruel burdens for suffering white people (another bogus notion) and a host of other erroneous beliefs and attitudes. Indeed, even when whites know these notions are false, they still keep pushing such distorted propaganda (particularly white right wingers)  in order to dismiss black concerns. In short, when the total picture is looked at, most white people are not in any "shame" mode at all.

Polls on discrimination - where's the alleged "white guilt"? Polls show evidence of any guilt re reparations, affirmative action etc on the part of whites.For example a CNN/USA Today/Gallup Poll of 1001 adults, 820 white and 146 black in 2002 did not show white people in any paroxysm of alleged "shame." 9 out of 10 white Americans for example rejected reparations; 62% rejected any government apology for legally permitting slavery.  In the 1980s and beyond, polls shows consistently strong white opposition to affirmative action. In five separate Gallup polls for example between 1977 and 1989, no more than 11 percent of whites endorsed preferential treatment for minorities.  

But even poll data is not needed to cast doubt on Steele's notion of "white guilt". It is true that again and again, polls of whites suggest that whites think racial discrimination is something of the past. Most are not on any "guilt trip" at all. But white behavior on the ground also suggests that "guilt" is rather thin there.


Housing discrimination - where's the alleged "white guilt"? For example, whites have basically segregated off their schools (hence today's phenomenon of racially integrated schools declining) as well as their communities by various methods- from zoning and other legal controls designed to suppress the supply of housing, to "white flight" to the indirect "white price"- i.e. minorities being priced out of various venues by more affluent whites- hence less blacks and browns to hang around. Most whites feel no "guilt" about such things at all, debunking Steele's core notion about so-called "guilt trips."

Preferential treatment for whites in college admissions- where's the alleged "white guilt"? As far as the white trump card of complaint, alleged "white suffering" under "affirmative action": A 2010 Century Foundation study (The Future of Affirmative Action) found that for every student of color who benefited at all from affirmative action at a selective college there are two whites with lower scores and grades than the average, but who were admitted anyway because of family connections or parental alumni status. And as regards affirmative action (AA) the main beneficiaries are white women not blacks. But see, white people have no guilt at all in bashing blacks as being such lazy, exclusive beneficiaries of preferential treatment.

Law enforcement discrimination - where's the alleged "white guilt"? On the law enforcement front, most whites don't feel "guilty" at all about policing practices that unfairly target blacks. Well into the late 1990s and into the 2000, police "profiling" practices continued to target black drivers out of proportion to their presence on the road, or any crimes committed. The infamous "black shakedown" seizures of money from black motorists by people like Sheriff Bob Vogel in Florida is just among the best known of several pernicious practices. On other fronts municipalities continue to pay out millions in police brutality settlements every year, and whites are willing to pony up in their taxes to maintain the current system, rather than undertake serious police reform efforts that guilty people would undertake to fix a problem.

Employment discrimination - where's the alleged "white guilt"? On the employment front, one MIT study found that even when job applicants are equally qualified in terms of experience and education, applicants with white-sounding names are 50 percent more likely than those with black-sounding names to get a callback for an interview. Another found that white male job applicants with criminal records are more likely to get called back for an interview than black men without one, even when all other qualifications are indistinguishable (Wise 2009).

White dating relationships- where's the alleged "white guilt"? Surely all this guilt should mean more opportunities for black folk to date "guilty" whites, who to show their liberal sensitivity go along. NOT! Let's take the dating world. As far as the gay side, per several gay men of color who have researched and lived the issue, white gays are rather indifferent and sometimes even hostile towards their darker brethren, though of course there is variation in all communities. Says Chong-suk Han (2007-Quote): "Despite the civil rights dialogue used by the gay community, many ‘gay’ organizations and members of the ‘gay’ community continue to exclude men of color from leadership positions and ‘gay’ establishments, thus continuing to add to the notion that ‘gay’ equals ‘white’." Hmm, not a lot of "white guilt" there either. Nor does it show up on dating sites among straights. Surely all this "white guilt" Steele talks about should get black folk some love wouldn't it? Nope. Detailed analyses of dating sites show that as far as whites, blacks get the least amount of replies or attention. See Christian Rudder's 2014 book "Dataclysm" for a detailed analysis of OK Cupid for example, but it is a pattern that shows up on Match and other major sites.

How Shelby Steele's meme collapses under any serious scrutiny - Again, one wonders, where is this wave of "white guilt" Shelby Steele keeps talking about? Black folk are scratching their heads. If anything real data out there shows it is mostly indifference, or even hostility. But of course, Steele ducks around detailed discussion of ACTUAL white behavior, to pump up the weak "guilt" meme for his white conservative allies. And does anyone really believe that the deeply embedded white ethnic networks, the ones like the Irish or Italian networks that control hundreds of thousands of government jobs and that excluded and continue to partially exclude black people having any "guilt"? Or the cynical union bosses and rank and file? Are the significant white majorities opposed to affirmative action, not to mention those filing lawsuits re "reverse" discrimination consumed by "guilt"? Where are these cringing white hordes, doubled over in "guilt"?

 Steele fails to even minimally address data on actual white thinking and behavior, serving up instead personal incidents such as his spiel about "white guilt" at the "TED" conference, or how he experienced segregated swimming pools when he was growing up, or how the white teammates on his swim team excluded him from their summer gatherings with the connivance of the white coach. These 1950s/1960s personal anecdotes are all well and good, even touching, but for a real exploration of the topic one needs to pull in credible data and reference and what other in-depth writers have written. Steels fails to do either. When reality on the ground is looked at much of Steele's spiel is laughable. White behavior does not show much "guilt" at all in the current day.

  
5) STEELE URGES CONSERVATIVE SOLUTIONS TO "POLARIZATION" BUT HAS SUSPICIOUSLY LITTLE TO SAY ABOUT "POLARIZING" CONSERVATIVE RACISM, WHICH IS ALIVE AND WELL.

Steele's attempts to psychoanalyze Americans on race show some insight, but again, he is overly heavy on personal opinion and anecdote. What have others who have studied race relations in depth written we want to know and how do you respond to that? Steele has little to say, giving the book a thin feel. There has been a huge amount on the topic- why don't you address at least a portion of it? Steele cops out. Indeed he says he is not going to give any solutions because "we all know what the solutions are" such as being nice, good manners etc.. Really? So smiling at lot at black people (or vice versa for whites) will help erase "white guilt"? Who woulda thunk?

Strangely enough, of those "solutions we all know" Steele does not mention stopping the continual distortion of black history and achievements by white right wingers (like Ann Coulter and others for example) nor does he give much attention to the rise of a significant white "heriditarian" movement- linked with Charles Murray of Bell Curve fame and many such others- that is dedicated to disparaging black intelligence, history and accomplishments, while presenting whites as virtuous paragons of "merit", family stability, and peacefulness. 

This white "heriditarian" movement for example, has found a welcome home on the Internet where its propaganda organs churn out distortion around the clock. It is much more sophisticated that the snarling Ku Kluxers of old, churning out distorted claims,  sleight of hand analyses, even bogus data to lend its racialist agenda a scientific veneer. And this is not simply Internet trolls. A well-funded network of right wing think tanks, books and conferences, led by established, degreed academics such as Linda Gottfredson, Richard Lynn or Tatu VanHaven, with ties to prestigious conservative publications such as National Review, and deep-pocketed bankrollers such as the Pioneer Fund are well embedded in the mix. And they do a broad mix of distortion and misrepresentation on black people. Somehow Shelby Steele's "solution" misses such things. Backward black evolution is a favorite meme. High number of black abortions? Well what can we expect from people that are backward even from "evolution"? Of course the propagandists don't mention that the highest rate of abortion in the world are by alleged white "role models"- Russia kills 2 white babies for each live birth.

Heavy black street violence? Well of course- and what can be expected from these backward humans with their oversupply of testosterone and so on? Why there may even be a "violence gene" with "these people." Of course few in the heriditarian propaganda chambers mention white groups with similar high rates of violence,- like the white Irish, or the greatest expression of systematic murder of all time- the Holocaust. You see they can't possible be "a white thing." But when blacks are involved, yes of course black "evolution" or black "culture" is to blame. White people are always  nice and virtuous. Heaven forbid anyone apply the same reasoning in reverse and attribute such negatives to whiteness.  Much of the above is sugarcoated or veiled with the right codewords, and has found wide play on the popular Internet.   

Typical of his lightweight, dishonest approach, Steele avoids such issues, even though they are significant, and they do have a direct bearing on the matter of alleged white "shame" including the continued denialist posture some white conservatives take.



6) STEELE'S ANECDOTES SEEM CONTRADICTORY AT TIMES AND STRAIN CREDIBILITY, AS IN HIS CLARENCE THOMAS EXAMPLE

 For example he claims Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas is a "victim" of "liberalism" - from "dissociation"- liberalism's guiding light. But the example he gives is unconvincing. According to Steele, Clarence Thomas virtually pitched his Yale Law degree away into an obscure corner where it now gathers dust, devalued because of connections with "affirmative action." Perhaps, but Thomas himself benefited from AA to get into Yale. To maintain consistency he now has to disparage his own Yale degree, for which we are told by Steele he worked so hard? Steele's use of the example seems all too convenient- and ties into the white right-wing narrative about supposedly "psychologically crippled" black folk due to "quotas."  It's all a bit too pat.

But there is another explanation that Steele misses entirely- one he would know if he honestly addressed the topic. Thomas' Yale experience was devalued not merely because of his initial AA entry or "quotas", but because white networks of privilege had little use for a small town black man with no connections. How often such white networks give their own a leg up on the mere basis of "potential" while a black man has to work twice as hard to get a minimal foothold. This is the narrative that runs through hundreds of reminiscences of successful blacks. It is strangely missing from Steele's discussion.

It is true that Thomas was disappointed because big money offers did not come his way. But in fact he applied to mostly white law firms in the south (not exactly a region of progressivism, or higher salaries), and he did in fact refuse some job offers as beneath him, when told he would be put on pro bono work. He was crushed that white classmates were getting better offers. But was this due to the "taint" of "affirmative action" or to the old truth most qualified black job seekers know- if you are white- white networks will reach out to and help you to much more lucrative opportunities than if you are black. That is the reality. Steele curiously avoids discussing this in any detail. Yes, it is true that Thomas found out that a mere Yale degree for a small town black man like him was worth less because he did not have the larger web of connections and white networks white graduates have. There were preferential white legacy admission to Yale no doubt who strolled out with a mediocre "gentleman's C" and got coddled by the white networks, and perhaps made out better than a more dedicated guy like Clarence Thomas. Sure. But that's white privilege, which Steele continually minimizes, downplays or avoids discussing.  The fact that Steele keeps minimizing or avoiding discussion of the white privilege that hurt, or seemingly devalued his hero Clarence Thomas, shows that Steele is not being honest with the reader.  

But white privilege also operates also on another level- it can devalue, but it can also build up, provided you are useful to the whites wielding it. Powerful white supporters or boosters, often Yale graduates, helped Thomas greatly. In fact Thomas DID benefit from his supposedly "useless" Yale credential to obtain a series of high profile slots, beginning with an appointment by a white Republican who was attorney general of Missouri AND a Yale graduate. The "old school connection" DID benefit Clarence Thomas after all. And in future years, the same supposedly "useless" Yale degree was touted by the Republicans that appointed him to those slots. He would not have gone so far without that Yale degree. Thomas was also hired on to the legal staff of chemical giant Monsanto, in part, because Monsanto's conservative Republican general counsel Ned Putzell Jr. wanted an African American and a woman on board, as a good political move, according to Thomas' sympathetic biographer, Andre "Peyton Thomas. As a Yale graduate with a serviceable record, Thomas was a credible pick. Nice corporate job with a major company? Not bad for a supposedly "useless" degree. Ironically Thomas, who complains about the lowered standards of  affirmative action" was himself only minimally qualified when he was nominated to be a federal appeals court judge despite having no experience whatsoever as a judge, and his further nomination to the Supreme Court. And yet his degree from a prestigious institution helped pad an otherwise undistinguished resume. By his own standards he should have refused to go in under such a lowered bar, but he did. And old white Yale supporters like J. Danforth were to help him immeasurably as he undertook the Court confirmation hearings battle. Again, the allegedly "useless" or "tainted" Yale connections worked out quite nicely for Clarence Thomas.


7. STEELE'S NOTION OF "GUILT" IS SHALLOW AND DISTORTED FOR HE DOES NOT ADDRESS WHITE PRIVILEGE

It is unknown how one can talk about white "guilt" and not address white privilege. The two are linked- whether as a cause, or an element of angry denial when for example whites living in formerly "whites only" suburbs, fulsomely subsidized by the federal government, and reaping all the advantages thereform, including access to better jobs and schools, angrily deny that they are the beneficiaries of massive preferential treatment in such things. Steele, like many white conservatives, seems to think that pointing out the matter of such privilege is promotion of "guilt." But such privilege is a fact on the ground. As seen with his own example of Clarence Thomas, whites who have their network of connections, built up over 2 centuries have it a lot better than a guy like Thomas. Again, was it because AA "devalued" his degree that Thomas did not get lucrative "big money" offers from white law firms, or was it because he was a non-name small town black guy with an otherwise unremarkable college record? If he was white and had access to white networks Thomas would have made out a lot better.

The failure of Steele to address such crucial matters just shows how shallow his argument is. Again, if you are writing bout guilt you have to address one of its key components- actual or perceived white privilege. You don't have to write an academic tome but you should be willing to candidly and honestly address such issues. But Steele again and again cops out. Just as one example of privilege, when actual data is referenced, in fact , sober, credible studies of employment like Deidre Royser's 2003 "Race and the Invisible hand: How White Networks Exclude Black Men from Blue-Collar Jobs" that again, and again blacks have to rely on things like advertised job openings, advertised formal training programs etc etc, while whites are quickly and easily hooked up for jobs and other benefits by their informal white networks, including "good old boy" (or girl) white networks.

Steele avoids talking about such things in any depth, subsuming it all under "guilt" - a tactic numerous white right wingers use to stifle discussion- the equivalent "conservative correctness" to the "political correctness" they so oft decry. Talk about "white guilt" (which is low or in many venues, non-existent) serves as a diversionary propaganda measure to avoid real debate on substantive issues, and to continue the massive distortion of US history where race is concerned. Steele's lightweight book, in the final analysis, helps along such tactics.

8. STEELE'S NOTION THAT "LIBERALS" DISSOCIATE WHITE PEOPLE FROM GOOD THINGS IS LAUGHABLE

Steele also claims that "liberals" supposedly "disassociate" whites from such nice things as virtue, exceptionally, etc and connect them with hypocrisy and evil. This is sheer nonsense as far as a general statement and flatly contradicted by opening any credible book on US history. It may be true that some liberal/leftists on some college campus condemn all white people as evil but such are trivial. In fact, liberals have always been quick to "associate" white people with all those good things abo to the "disassociation" argument, most liberals pat themselves on the back for progressive reforms that DO "associate" white people with assorted goodness, virtue, democracy, freedom etc. In fact this was one of the things that made progress so slow on civil rights- the unwillingness of white liberals to acknowledge the vicious nature of segregation and discrimination and the serious effect it had on black people. To such liberals the goodness of white people would bring a withering away of such unpleasantness in time, an there was no need for blacks to be so pushy about it- an argument explicitly stated during that era- as credible histories like Taylor Branch's Pulitzer Prize winning series (Parting the Waters, Pillar of Fire, At Canaan's Edge) show in detail. Just the food-dragging of the Kennedys illustrates the case. ANd after severe pressure, including international embarrassment forced action on complacent white liberals, they were not shy about trying to take credit for long overdue reforms in the name of white goodness.

Furthermore it does not take "liberals" to show plenty of credible "association" of whites with hypocrisy and evil. Dry history makes the case, as do conservative bible thumpers opposed to slavery back in the 1800s, among others. And Steele's Clarence Thomas example illustrates white hypocrisy in part, just as that same hypocrisy denies or minimizes the painful burdens and barriers imposed on blacks, blames them for their entire plight, and continues to generate a massive propaganda narrative of distortion about black history and achievements- such as the myth that "affirmative action" is responsible for black economic advances. See Ann Coulter's "Mugged" for an example of this cynical white, right wing distortion. Steele's "disassociation" argument is laughable on many counts.



SUMMARY
To sum up, while Steele makes some fair criticisms of liberalism, they are nothing new and are basically a retread of the same anti "politically correct" positions other conservatives have made for years. This gives the book a stale feel- it really does seem like a rehash of stuff he has written before or that one has heard for the last 2 decades. I mean we know America is no longer the legal apartheid state that it was as recently as the 1960s, and things have changed immensely for the better from those days on many counts, but circa 2015, is it really a "fresh" blinding insight that school integration has not matched the "ideal" black-white body counts advocated by SOME liberal proponents? Whoa.. like this is news?  An did people in the 1960s really expect some sort of racial nirvana with the passage of civil rights laws? ML King certainly did not, nor did Malcolm X, nor most  black citizens, nor most white ones with any decent knowledge about America's race struggles. 

A number of reviewers have touted the book as offering a so-called "fresh" approach but it seems stale and recycled, not "fresh." A second major weakness is Steele disingenuousness. He has plenty to say to bash "the liberals" about "polarizing" America, yet carefully skips over cynical and dishonest "conservative correctness" and its own divisiveness and polarization" tactics. This makes the book much less useful than it would have been as a way to get some clear analysis and answers on the American dilemma. 






LINKS TO OTHER POSTS:

Trump properties discriminated against black tenants lawsuit finds
http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2016/07/trump-properties-discriminated-against.html

Stealing credibility- Dinesh D'souza has prison epiphany- after hanging with the homies- Hallelujah Hilary!
http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2016/05/straining-credibility-dinesh-dsouza-has.html

Shame on you, and your guilt too- A review of Shelby Steele's 'Shame'
http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2016/05/a-review-wealth-poverty-and-politics.html

Go with the flow 3- more DNA and cranial studies show ancient African migration to, or African presence in ancient Europe
http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2016/04/go-with-flow-3-more-dna-and-cranial.html

Go with the flow 2- African gene flow into Europe in various eras
http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2015/11/go-with-flow-2-african-gene-flow-into.html


DNA studies show African movement to Europe from very ancient times
http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2015/09/dna-studies-show-african-movement-to.html

Guilt3- Why the "white privilege industry" is not all there
http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2015/09/guilt3-why-white-privilege-industry-is.html

Guilt2- Media collaborates with guilt mongers - or how to play the white victim card
http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2015/09/guilt2-media-collaborates-with-guilt.html

How Obama plays on white guilt
http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2015/08/how-obama-plays-upon-white-guilt-hilary.html

Blacks oppose free speech- more ramshackle "research" from "the East"..
http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2015/08/blacks-oppose-free-speech-ramshackle.html

Hands off the Confederate flag
http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2015/06/hands-off-confederate-flag.html

Despite much more wealth than blacks, whites collect about the same rate of welfare and are treated more generously
http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2015/06/despite-much-more-wealth-than-blacks.html

African "boat people" ushering in European demographic decline
http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2015/05/african-boat-people-ushering-in.html



The forgotten Holocaust- King Leopold's "Congo Free State" - 10 million victims
http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2015/04/the-forgotten-holocaust-10-million-in.html


Are violent minorities taking over California and the West?
http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2015/04/are-violent-minorities-taking-over.html

Presidential hopeful Ben Carson meets and Greeks
http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2015/03/presidential-hopeful-ben-carson-meet.html

Contra "ISIS" partisans, there have been some beneficial effects of Christianity
http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2015/03/contra-isis-partisans-there-are-some.html


The social construction of race, compared to biology- Graves
http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2015/02/the-social-construction-of-race_8.html

Why HBD or hereditarianism lacks credibility
http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2014/10/why-hbd-or-hereditarianism-lacks.html

Leading Scientists criticize hereditarian claims
http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2014/08/leading-scientists-criticize.html

Thai me down - Thais fall behind genetically related southern Chinese, Tibetans below genetically related East Asians like Koreans and other Chinese
http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2014/08/thai-me-up-thai-me-down.html

Time for liberals to respect "the south" ... in a way of speaking.. the south of Egypt that is..
http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2014/08/time-for-liberals-to-respect-south-in.html

Irony 2: touted High IQ "G-men" cannot reproduce themselves 
http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2014/07/irony-2-higher-iqs-correlated-with_25.html



Unz and Sowell: Unz debunking Lynn's IQ and Wealth of Nations. Sowell debunking the Bell Curve
http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2014/07/unz-and-sowell-unz-debunking-lynns-iq.html

Irony 1: touted High IQ types are more homosexual, more atheist, and more liberal (HAL)
http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2014/06/irony-high-iqs-produce-more-atheists.html


Elite white universities discriminate against Asians using reverse "affirmative action"
http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2014/06/elite-white-universities-discriminate.html

Deteriorating state of white America
http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2014/05/deteriorating-state-of-white-america.html


Racial Cartels (The Affirmative Action Propaganda machine- part 2
http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2014/05/the-affirmative-action-propaganda.html

Hereditarian's/HBD's "Great Black Hope"
http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2014/04/blog-post.html



Exploding nonsense: the 10,000 Year Explosion
http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2014/03/exploding-nonsense-review-of-cochran_8.html


We need "rational racism"- Convicted felon Dinesh Dsouza becomes his own test case
http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2014/01/we-need-rational-racism-proponent.html

The Affirmative Action Propaganda Machine- part 1
http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2014/01/the-affirmatve-action-propaganda.html

Two rules for being "really" black- no white wimmen, no Republican
http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2014/01/to-be-really-black-you-cant-have-white.html

The Axial age reconsidered
http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2014/01/the-axial-age-reconsidered.html

Cannibal seasonings: dark meat on white
http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2013/12/i.html

"Affirmative Action" in the form of court remedies has been around a long time- since the 1930s- benefiting white union workers against discrimination by employers
http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2013/09/affirmative-action-as-term-appears-in.html

Mugged by reality 1: White quotas, special preferences and government jobs
http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2013/06/mugged-by-reality-1-white-quotas.html


Lightweight enforcement of EEO laws contradicts claims of "flood" of minorities "taking jobs"
http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2013/06/blog-post.html

Railroaded 3: white violence and intimidation imposed quotas
http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2013/06/railroaded-3-white-violence-and.html

Railroaded 2: how white quotas and special preferences blockade black progress...
http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2013/06/railroaded-2-thow-white-quotas-and.html

Railroaded 1: How white affirmative action and white special preferences destroyed black railroad employment...
http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2013/06/railroaded-how-white-affirmative-action.html

Affirmative action: primary beneficiaries are white women
http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2011/04/affirmative-action-primary.html

7 reasons certain libertarians and right-wingers are wrong about the Civil Right Act
http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2012/05/7-reasons-libertarians-may-be-wrong.html

Assorted "Role models" debunked- hypocritical heriditarianism
http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2009/11/hbd-debunked-debunking-hypocritical.htmll


Social philosophy of Thomas Sowell
http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2011/07/social-philosophy-of-thomas-sowell.html


Additional gene flow data... :)


Bogus "biodiversity" theories of Kanazawa, Ruston, Lynn debunked
http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2010/09/blog-post.html

JP Rushton, Michael Levin, Richard Lynn debunked. Weaknesses of Jared Diamond's approach. 
http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2010/04/blog-post_1818.html

In the Blood- debunking "HBD" and Neo-Nazi appropriation of ancient Egypt
http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2009/11/blog-post_29.html

early Europeans and middle Easterners looked like Africans. Peoples returning or "backflowing" to Africa would already be looking like Africans
http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2010/05/blog-post_1754.html

 Ancient Egypt: one of the world's most advanced civilizations- created by tropical peoples
http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2010/09/blog-post_06.html

Playing the "Greek defence" -debunking claims of Greeks as paragons of virtue or exemplars of goodness
http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2013/03/playing-greek-defence-review-of-thornton.html

Quotations from mainstream academic research on the Nile Valley peoples
http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2010/04/blog-post_9251.html


http://egyptsearchreloaded.proboards.com/thread/15/basic-database-nile-valley-studies



OTHER LINKS
Race, IQ, and Wealth: What the facts tell us about a taboo subject By Ron Unz


HBD EVOLUTION, BRAIN SIZE AND NATIONAL IQ CLAIMS DEBUNKED
Evolution, brain size, and the national IQ of peoples ... - Jelte Wicherts 2010
http://wicherts.socsci.uva.nl/wichertsPAIDrejoinder.pdf
------------------------------------

Why national IQs do not support evolutionary theories of intelligence - WIcherts, Borsboom and Dolan 2010
Personality and Individual Differences 48 (2010) 91-96
http://wicherts.socsci.uva.nl/wicherts2010.pdf
----------------------------- -------------

Are intelligence tests measurement invariant over time? by JM Wicherts - ?2004
 --Dolan, Wicherts et al 2004. Investigating the nature of the Flynn effect. Intelligence 32 (2004) 509-537
http://www.iapsych.com/iqmr/fe/LinkedDocuments/wicherts2004.pdf
-------------------------------------------

LYNN AND VANHAVEN'S IQ AND THE WEALTH OF NATIONS DEBUNKED
---------------- -------

www.anth.uconn.edu/faculty/mcbrearty/Pdf/McB%20&%20Brooks%202000%20TRTW.pdf

------------------------

Race and other misadventures: essays in honor of Ashley Montagu... By Larry T. Reynolds, Leonard Lieberman

http://books.google.com/books?id=5DLrgG_MflgC&pg=PA190&dq=r-+k-+selection+races&cd=1#v=onepage&q=r-%20k-%20selection%20races&f=false
--------------------------------

Race and intelligence: separating science from myth. By Jefferson M. Fish. Routledge 2002. See Templeton's detailed article referenced above also inside the book

http://books.google.com/books?id=t9OdPPLIgMAC&pg=PA64&dq=r-+k-+selection+races&cd=7#v=onepage&q=r-%20k-%20selection%20races&f=false
------------------------

http://www.ogiek.org/indepth/what-they-mean.htm
---------------- -------

Oubre, A (2011) Race Genes and Ability: Rethinking Ethnic Differences, vol 1 and 2. BTI Press
For summary see: http://www.skeptic.com/eskeptic/05-02-18/
---------------- -------

http://www.dartmouth.edu/~chance/course/topics/curveball.html

-----------------------------------------------------------

--S OY Keita, R A Kittles, et al. "Conceptualizing human variation," Nature Genetics 36, S17 - S20 (2004)
http://www.nature.com/ng/journal/v36/n11s/pdf/ng1455.pdf


--S.O.Y. Keita and Rick Kittles. (1997) *The Persistence ofRacial Thinking and the Myth of Racial Divergence. AJPA, 99:3
http://www.councilforresponsiblegenetics.org/pageDocuments/WAURRSZQOE.pdf
---------------- -------

HBD RACE EVOLUTION CLAIMS DEBUNKED BY GENETICISTS
Alan Templeton. "The Genetic and Evolutionary significnce oF Human Races." pp 31-56. IN: J. FiSh (2002) Race and Intelligence: Separating scinnce from myth.

IQ claims and miscellaneous data
HBD RACE AND INTELLIGENCE CLAIMS DEBUNKED
 J. FiSh (2002) Race and Intelligence: Separating science from myth.

------------------------------------------





MORE HBD DEBUNKING
-------------------------------- ---------------------



Oubre, A (2011) Race Genes and Ability: Rethinking Ethnic Differences, vol 1 and 2. BTI Press
----------------------------------------------

Krimsky, S, Sloan.K (2011) Race and the Genetic Revolution: Science, Myth, and Culture
-------------------------------


Wicherts and Johnson, 2009. Group differences in the heritability of items and test scores
http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/early/2009/04/24/rspb.2009.0238.full


http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2013/06/coming-apart-can-murrays-down-with.html


"SELECTION FOR"- "SELECT FOR" HDB CLAIMS DEBUNKED- "SELECTION" IS NOT THE ONLY KEY FORCE DRIVING CHANGE
http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2012/12/demic-diffusion-notes-and-tropical.html

http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2012/05/7-reasons-libertarians-may-be-wrong.html

http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2012/08/cro-magnons-are-us-debunking-claims.html

http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2014/03/exploding-nonsense-review-of-cochran_8.html



--Joseph Graves, 2006. What We Know and What We Don’t Know: Human Genetic Variation and the Social Construction of Race
http://raceandgenomics.ssrc.org/Graves/

J. Kahn (2013) How a Drug Becomes "Ethnic" - Yale Journal of Health Policy, Law and Ethics, v4:1
http://digitalcommons.law.yale.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1072&context=yjhple

------------------------------------ -----------------

http://evolution.binghamton.edu/evos/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/PageProofs-Graves_race.pdf

-------------------------------------------- ----------------------------



other links



Evolution, brain size, and the national IQ of peoples ... - Jelte Wicherts 2010
http://wicherts.socsci.uva.nl/wichertsPAIDrejoinder.pdf
------------------------------------

Why national IQs do not support evolutionary theories of intelligence - WIcherts, Borsboom and Dolan 2010
Personality and Individual Differences 48 (2010) 91-96
http://wicherts.socsci.uva.nl/wicherts2010.pdf
----------------------------- -------------

Are intelligence tests measurement invariant over time? by JM Wicherts - ?2004
 --Dolan, Wicherts et al 2004. Investigating the nature of the Flynn effect. Intelligence 32 (2004) 509-537
http://www.iapsych.com/iqmr/fe/LinkedDocuments/wicherts2004.pdf
-------------------------------------------

LYNN AND VANHAVEN'S IQ AND THE WEALTH OF NATIONS DEBUNKED
---------------- -------

www.anth.uconn.edu/faculty/mcbrearty/Pdf/McB%20&%20Brooks%202000%20TRTW.pdf

------------------------

Race and other misadventures: essays in honor of Ashley Montagu... By Larry T. Reynolds, Leonard Lieberman

http://books.google.com/books?id=5DLrgG_MflgC&pg=PA190&dq=r-+k-+selection+races&cd=1#v=onepage&q=r-%20k-%20selection%20races&f=false
--------------------------------

Race and intelligence: separating science from myth. By Jefferson M. Fish. Routledge 2002. See Templeton's detailed article referenced above also inside the book

http://books.google.com/books?id=t9OdPPLIgMAC&pg=PA64&dq=r-+k-+selection+races&cd=7#v=onepage&q=r-%20k-%20selection%20races&f=false
------------------------

http://www.ogiek.org/indepth/what-they-mean.htm
---------------- -------

Oubre, A (2011) Race Genes and Ability: Rethinking Ethnic Differences, vol 1 and 2. BTI Press
For summary see: http://www.skeptic.com/eskeptic/05-02-18/
---------------- -------

http://www.dartmouth.edu/~chance/course/topics/curveball.html

-----------------------------------------------------------

--S OY Keita, R A Kittles, et al. "Conceptualizing human variation," Nature Genetics 36, S17 - S20 (2004)
http://www.nature.com/ng/journal/v36/n11s/pdf/ng1455.pdf


--S.O.Y. Keita and Rick Kittles. (1997) *The Persistence ofRacial Thinking and the Myth of Racial Divergence. AJPA, 99:3
http://www.councilforresponsiblegenetics.org/pageDocuments/WAURRSZQOE.pdf
---------------- -------

HBD RACE EVOLUTION CLAIMS DEBUNKED BY GENETICISTS
Alan Templeton. "The Genetic and Evolutionary significnce oF Human Races." pp 31-56. IN: J. FiSh (2002) Race and Intelligence: Separating scinnce from myth.


HBD RACE AND INTELLIGENCE CLAIMS DEBUNKED
 J. FiSh (2002) Race and Intelligence: Separating science from myth.

------------------------------------------




MORE HBD DEBUNKING
-------------------------------- ---------------------

Oubre, A (2011) Race Genes and Ability: Rethinking Ethnic Differences, vol 1 and 2. BTI Press
----------------------------------------------

Krimsky, S, Sloan.K (2011) Race and the Genetic Revolution: Science, Myth, and Culture
-------------------------------


Wicherts and Johnson, 2009. Group differences in the heritability of items and test scores
http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/early/2009/04/24/rspb.2009.0238.full


http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2013/06/coming-apart-can-murrays-down-with.html


"SELECTION FOR"- "SELECT FOR" HDB CLAIMS DEBUNKED- "SELECTION" IS NOT THE ONLY KEY FORCE DRIVING CHANGE
http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2012/12/demic-diffusion-notes-and-tropical.html

http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2012/05/7-reasons-libertarians-may-be-wrong.html

http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2012/08/cro-magnons-are-us-debunking-claims.html

http://nilevalleypeoples.blogspot.com/2014/03/exploding-nonsense-review-of-cochran_8.html



--Joseph Graves, 2006. What We Know and What We Don’t Know: Human Genetic Variation and the Social Construction of Race
http://raceandgenomics.ssrc.org/Graves/

J. Kahn (2013) How a Drug Becomes "Ethnic" - Yale Journal of Health Policy, Law and Ethics, v4:1
http://digitalcommons.law.yale.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1072&context=yjhple

------------------------------------ -----------------

http://evolution.binghamton.edu/evos/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/PageProofs-Graves_race.pdf

No comments: